## NCERT SOLUTIONS FOR CLASS 7TH MATHS CHAPTER 2 FRACTIONS AND DECIMALS

Fractions and Decimals Chapter 2 class 7 Maths NCERT solutions are given.

You should study the textbook lesson Fractions and Decimals very well.

You should observe and practice the example problems and solutions given in the textbook.

Observe the given below solutions and try them in your own method.

**You can see the solutions of some chapters for 7 th class maths.**

Ncert solutions for class maths

Chapter 4 simple equations solutions

Ncert solutions for class 6 th maths some chapters.

Real numbers solutions class 10

**FRACTIONS AND DECIMALS**

CHAPTER 2

**EXERCISE 2.1**

**Problem 1**

1. Solve

i. 2 – 3/5

ii. 4 + 7/8

iii. 3/5 + 2/7

iv. 9/11 – 4/15

v. 7/10 + 2/5 + 3/2

vi. 2 2/3 + 3 1/2

vii. 8 1/2 – 3 5/8

**Solutions:**

i. 2 – 3/5

= ( 2 × 5 )/5 – 3/5

= 10/5 – 3/5

= ( 10 – 3 ) ÷ 5 = 7/5

ii. 4 + 7/8

= ( 4 × 8 )/8 + 7/8

= 32/ 8 + 7/8

= ( 32 + 7 )/8 = 39/8

iii. 3/5 + 2/7

= ( 3 × 7 ) ÷ ( 5 × 7 ) + ( 2 × 5 ) ÷ ( 7 × 5 )

= 21/35 + 10/35

= ( 21 + 10 ) ÷ 35 = 31/35

iv. 9/11 – 4/15

= ( 9 × 15 ) ÷ ( 11 × 15 ) – ( 4 × 11 ) ÷ ( 15 × 11 )

= 135/165 – 44/165

= ( 135 – 44 ) ÷ 165 = 91/ 165

v. 7/10 + 2/5 + 3/2

= 7/10 + ( 2 × 2 ) ÷ ( 5 × 2 ) + ( 3 × 5 ) ÷ (2 × 5 )

= 7/ 10 + 4/ 10 + 15/10

= ( 7 + 4 + 15 ) ÷10

= 26/ 10 = 13/5 = 2 3/5

vi. 2 2/3 + 3 1/2

= 8/3 + 7/2

= ( 8 × 2 ) ÷ ( 3 × 2 ) + ( 7 × 3 ) ÷ ( 2 × 3 )

= 16/6 + 21/ 6

= ( 16 + 21 ) ÷ 6 = 37/6 = 6 1/6

vii. 8 1/2 – 3 5/8

= 17/2 – 29/8

= ( 17 × 4 ) ÷ ( 2 × 4 ) – 29/ 8

= 68/8 – 29/8

= ( 68 – 29 ) ÷ 8 = 39/8 = 4 7/8

**Problem 2**

Arrange the following in descending order :

i. 2/9, 2/3, 8/21

ii. 1/5, 3/7, 6/10

**Solutions :**

i. 2/9, 2/3, 8/21

Changing the fractions into like fractions, we get

( 2 × 4 ) ÷ ( 9 × 4 ), ( 2 × 4 ) ÷ ( 3 × 4 ), 8/ 21

8/ 36, 8/12, 8/21

8/12 > 8/21 > 8/36

Therefore, 2/3 > 8/21 > 2/9

ii. 1/5, 3/7, 6/10

Changing the fractions into like fractions we get

( 1 × 7 × 10 ) ÷ ( 5 × 7 × 10 ), ( 3 × 5 × 10 ) ÷ ( 7 × 5 × 10 ), ( 7 × 7 × 10 ) ÷ ( 10 × 7 × 5 )

70/350, 150/350, 245/350

245/350 > 150/350 > 70/350

Therefore, 7/10 > 3/7 > 1/5

**Problem 3**

3. In a “magic square”, the sum of the numbers in each row, in each column and along the diagonals is the same. Is this a magic square ?

**Solution:**

Sum, along first row = 4/11 + 9/11 + 2/11

= ( 4 + 9 + 2 ) ÷ 11 = 15/11

Sum, along second row = 3/11 + 5/11 + 7/11

= ( 3 + 5 + 7 ) ÷ 11 = 15/11

Sum, along third row = 8/11 + 1/11 + 6/11

= ( 8 + 1 + 6 ) ÷ 11 = 15/11

Sum, along first column = 4/11 + 3/11 + 8/11

= ( 4 + 3 + 8 ) ÷ 11 = 15/11

Sum, along second column = 9/11 + 5/11 + 1/11

= ( 9 + 5 + 1 ) ÷ 11 = 15/11

Sum, along third column = 2/11 + 7/11 + 6/11

= ( 2 + 7 + 6 ) ÷ 11 = 15/11

Sum, along first diagonal = 6/11 + 5/11 + 4/11

= ( 6 + 5 + 4 ) ÷ 11 = 15/11

Sum, along second diagonal = 8/11 + 5/11 + 2/11

= ( 8 + 5 + 2 ) ÷ 11 = 15/11

In this square, the sum of each row, column and diagonal are same. So this is a magic square

**Problem 4**

4. A rectangular sheet paper is 12 1/2 cm long and 10 2/3 cm wide. Find its perimeter.

**Solution :**

Length of the rectangular sheet of paper = 12 1/2 cm

Breadth of the rectangular sheet of paper = 10 2/3 cm

Perimeter of the rectangular sheet of paper = 2 × (length + breadth)

= 2 × (12 1/2 + 10 2/3 )

= 2 × ( 25/2 + 32/3 )

= 2 × [ ( 25 × 3 ) ÷ ( 2 × 3 ) ] + [ ( 32 × 2 ) ÷ ( 3 × 2 ) ]

= 2 × ( 75/6 + 64/6 )

= 2 × [ ( 75 + 64 ) ÷ 6 ]

= 2 × ( 139/6 )

= ( 2 × 139 ) ÷ 6 = 139/3 = 46 1/3

Therefore, the perimeter of the sheet of paper is 46 1/3 cm.

**Problem 5**

5. Find the perimeter of i. ∆ ABE, ii. the rectangle BCDE in this figure. Whose perimeter is greater ?

**Solutions :**

i. The perimeter of ∆ ABE = AB + BE + EA

= 5/2 + 2 3/4 + 3 3/5

= 5/2 + 11/4 + 18/5

= [ ( 5 × 4 × 5 ) ÷ ( 2 × 4 × 5 ) ] + [ ( 11 × 2 × 5 ) ÷ ( 4 × 2 × 5 ) ] + [ ( 18 × 2 × 4 ) ÷ ( 5 × 2 × 4 ) ]

= 100/40 + 144/40 + 110/40

= ( 100 + 144 + 110 ) ÷ 40

= 354/40 = 177/20 = 8 17/20 cm

Therefore, the perimeter of ∆ ABC is 177/20 cm = 8 17/20.

ii. The length of rectangle = 2 3/4 cm

The breadth of rectangle = 7/6 cm

Perimeter of the rectangle = 2 × ( length + breadth )

= 2 × ( 2 3/4 + 7/6 )

= 2 × (11/4 + 7/6 )

2 × [ ( 11 × 6 ) ÷ ( 4 × 6 ) ] + [ ( 7 × 4 ) ÷ ( 6 × 4 ) ]

= 2 × ( 66/24 + 28/24 )

= 2 × [ ( 66 + 28 ) ÷ 24 ]

= 2 × 94/24 = 47/6 = 7 5/6 cm

Therefore, the perimeter of the rectangle BCDE is 47/6 cm = 7 5/6 cm

Perimeter of the triangle ∆ ABE = 177/20 cm

Perimeter of the rectangle BCDE = 47/6 cm

Changing the fractions into like fractions, we get

177/20, 47/6

( 177 × 6 ) ÷ ( 20 × 6 ), ( 47 × 20 ) ÷ ( 6 × 20 )

1062/120, 940/120

1062/ 120 > 940/120

Therefore, 177/20 or 8 17/20 is greater

So, the perimeter of ∆ ABE is greater than the perimeter of rectangle BCDE.

**Problem 6**

6. Salil wants to put a picture in a frame. The picture is 7 3/5 cm wide. To fit in the frame the picture cannot be more than 7 3/10 cm wide. How much should the picture be trimmed ?

**Solution :**

Width of picture = 7 3/5 cm

Required width of picture = 7 3/10 cm

The picture should be trimmed by = 7 3/5 – 7 3/10

= 38/5 – 73/10

= ( 38 × 2 ) ÷ ( 5 × 2 ) – 73/10

= 76/10 – 73/10 = ( 76 – 73 ) ÷ 10 = 3/10 cm

**Problem 7**

7. Ritu ate 3/5 part of an apple, and the remaining apple was eaten by her brother Somu. How much part of the apple did Somu eat ?Who had the larger share ?By how much?

**Solution :**

The part of apple eaten by Ritu = 3/5

The part of apple eaten by Somu = 1 – part of apple eaten by Ritu

= 1 – 3/5 = ( 1 × 5 ) ÷ 5 – 3/5

= 5/5 – 3/5 = ( 5 – 3 ) ÷ 5 = 2/5

Therefore, Somu ate 2/5 part of the apple.

Since, 3 > 2, Ritu had the larger share.

Difference between the two shares 3/2 – 2/5 = (3 – 2) ÷ 5 = 1/5

Therefore, Ritu’s share is larger than Somu’s share.

**Problem 8**

8. Michael finished coloring a picture in 7/12 hour. Vaibhav finished coloring the same picture in 3/4 hour. Who worked longer ? By what fraction was it longer ?

**Solution:**

Time taken by Michael = 7/12 hour

Time taken by Vaibhav = 3/4 hour

Changing the fractions into like fractions, we get

7/12, 3/4

7/12, ( 3 × 3 ) ÷ ( 4 × 3 )

7/12, 9/12

Since, 9/12 > 7/12, Vaibhav worked longer.

Difference = 9/12 – 7/12 = (9 – 7) ÷ 12 = 2/12 = 1/6 hour

#### SOLUTIONS FOR MATHS CLASS 7 CHAPTER 2, SOLUTIONS FOR FRACTIONS AND DECIMALS, NCERT SOLUTIONS FOR MATHS CLASS 7 CHAPTER 2

**EXERCISE 2. 2**

**Problem 1**

1. Which of the drawings a) to d) show:

i. 2 × (1/5)

ii. 2 × (1/2)

iii. 3 × (2/3)

iv. 3 × ( 1/5 )

**Solutions :**

i – d

ii – b

iii – a

iv – c

**Problem 2**

2. Some pictures a) to c) are given below. Tell which of them show :

i. 3 × ( 1/5 ) = 3/5

ii. 2 × ( 1/3 ) = 2/3

iii. 3 × ( 3/4 ) = 2 1/4

**Solutions :**

i – c

ii – a

iii – b

**Problem 3**

3. Multiply and reduce lowest form and convert into a mixed fraction.

i. 7 × ( 3/5 )

ii. 4 × ( 1/3 )

iii. 2 × ( 6/7 )

iv. 5 × ( 2/9 )

v. ( 2/3 ) × 4

vi. ( 5/2 ) × 6

vii. 11 × ( 4/7 )

viii. 20 × ( 4/5 )

ix. 13 × ( 1/3 )

x. 15 × ( 3/5 )

**Solutions** :

i. 7 × ( 3/5 ) = ( 3 × 7 ) ÷ 5 = 21/5 4 1/5

ii. 4 × ( 1/3 ) = ( 4 × 1 ) ÷ 3 = 4/3 = 1 1/3

iii. 2 × ( 6/7 ) = ( 2 × 6 ) ÷ 7 = 12/7 = 1 5/7

iv. 5 × ( 2/9 ) = ( 5 × 2 ) ÷ 9 = 10/9 = 1 1/9

v. ( 2/3 ) × 4 = ( 2 × 4 ) ÷ 3 = 8/3 = 2 2/3

vi. ( 5/2 ) × 6 = ( 5 × 6 ) ÷ 2 = 30/2 = 15

vii. 11 × ( 4/7 ) = ( 11 × 4 ) ÷ 7 = 44/7 = 6 2/7

viii. 20 × ( 4/5 ) = ( 20 × 4 ) ÷ 5 = 80/5 = = 16

ix. 13 × ( 1/3 ) = ( 13 × 1 ) ÷ 3 = 13/3 = 4 1/3

x. 15 × ( 3/5 ) = ( 15 × 3 ) ÷ 5 = 45/5 = 9

**Problem 4**

4. Shade:

i. 1/2 of the circles in box a)

ii. 2/3 of the triangles in box b)

iii. 3/5 of the squares in box c)

**Solutions :**

**Problem 5**

5. Find

a. 1/2 of i. 24, ii. 46

b. 2/3 of i. 18, ii. 27

c. 3/4 of i. 16, ii. 36

d. 4/5 of i. 20, ii. 35

**Solutions :**

a. 1/2 of i. 24, ii. 46

i. 1/2 of 24 = (1/2 ) × 24 = 12

ii. 1/2 of 46 = ( 1/2 ) × 46 = 23

b. 2/3 of i. 18, ii. 27

i. 2/3 of 18 = ( 2/3 ) × 18 = 12

ii. 2/3 of 27 = ( 2/3 ) × 27 = 18

c. 3/4 of i. 16, ii. 36

i. 3/4 of 16 = ( 3/4 ) × 16 = 12

ii. 3/4 of 36 = ( 3/4 ) × 36 = 27

d. 4/5 of i. 20, ii. 35

i. 4/5 of 20 = ( 4/5 ) × 20 = 16

ii. 4/5 of 35 = ( 4/5 ) × 35 = 28

**Problem 6**

6. Multiply and express as a mixed fraction :

a. 3 × 5 1/5

b. 5 × 6 3/4

C. 7 × 2 1/4

d. 4 × 6 1/3

e. 3 1/4 × 6

f. 3 2/5 × 8

**Solutions :**

a. 3 × 5 1/5 = 3 × ( 26/5 ) = 78/5 = 15 3/5

b. 5 × 6 3/4 = 5 × 27/4 = 135/4 = 33 3/4

C. 7 × 2 1/4 = 7 × 9/4 = 63/4 = 15 3/4

d. 4 × 6 1/3 = 4 × 19/3 = 76/3 = 25 1/3

e. 3 1/4 × 6 = 13/4 × 6 = 78/4 = 19 2/4

f. 3 2/5 × 8 = 17/5 × 8 = 136/5 = 27 1/5

**Problem 7**

7. Find

a. 1/2 of i. 2 3/4, ii. 4 2/9

b. 5/8 of i. 3 5/6, ii. 9 2/3

**Solutions :**

a. 1/2 of i. 2 3/4, ii. 4 2/9

i. 1/2 of 2 3/4 = 1/2 × 11/4 = 11/8 = 1 3/8

ii. 1/2 of 4 2/9 = 1/2 × 38/9 = 38/18 = 19/9 = 2 1/9

b. 5/8 of i. 3 5/6, ii. 9 2/3

i. 5/8 of 3 5/6 = 5/8 × 23/6 = 115/48 = 2 19/48

ii. 5/8 of 9 2/3 = 5/8 × 29/3 = 145/24 = 6 1/24

**Problem 8**

8. Vidya and Pratap went for a picnic. Their mother gave them a water bottle that contained 5 litres of water. Vidya consumed 2/3 of the water. Pratap consumed the remaining water.

i. How much water did Vidya drink ?

ii. What fraction of the total quantity of water did Pratap drink ?

**Solution :**

i. Water consumed by Vidya = 2/5 of 5 litres = 2/5 × 5 = 2 litres

ii. Water consumed by Pratap = 1 – 2/5 = ( 5 – 2 ) ÷ 5 = 3/5 of the total water

Therefore, the fraction of total quantity of water = 3/5

### NCERT SOLUTIONS FOR MATHS CLASS 7TH CHAPTER 2,FRACTIONS AND DECIMALS

**EXERCISE 2.3**

**Problem 1**

1. i. 1/4 of a. 1/4, b. 3/5, c. 4/3

ii. 1/7 of a. 2/9, b. 6/5, c. 3/10

**Solutions :**

1. i. a. 1/4 of 1/4

1/4 × 1/4 = ( 1 × 1 ) ÷ ( 4 × 4 ) = 1/16

b. 1/4 of 3/5

1/4 × 3/5 = ( 1 × 3 ) ÷ ( 4 × 5 ) = 3/20

c. 1/4 of 4/3

1/4 × 4/3 = ( 1 × 4 ) ÷ ( 4 × 3 ) = 1/3

ii. a. 1/7 0f 2/9

1/7 × 2/9 = ( 1 × 2 ) ÷ ( 7 × 9 ) = 2/63

b. 1/7 of 6/5 = ( 1 × 6 ) ÷ ( 7 × 5 ) = 6/35

c. 1/7 of 3/10

1/7 × 3/10 = ( 1 × 3 ) ÷ ( 7 × 10 ) = 3/70

**Problem 2**

2. Multiply and reduce to lowest form ( if possible ) ;

i. 2/3 × 2 2/3, ii. 2/7 × 7/9, iii. 3/8 × 6/4

iv. 9/5 × 3/5, v. 1/3 × 15/8, vi. 11/2 × 3/10,

vii. 4/5 × 12/7

**Solutions :**

i. 2/3 × 2 2/3

2/3 × 8/3 = ( 2 × 8 ) ÷ ( 3 × 3 ) = 16/9 = 1 7/9

ii. 2/7 × 7/9

2/7 × 7/9 = ( 2 × 7 ) ÷ ( 7 × 9 ) = 2/9

iii. 3/8 × 6/4

3/8 × 6/4 = ( 3 × 6 ) ÷ ( 8 × 4 ) = ( 3 × 3 ) ÷ ( 4 × 4 ) = 9/16

iv. 9/5 × 3/5

9/5 × 3/5 = ( 9 × 3 ) ÷ ( 5 × 5 ) = 27/25 = 1 2/25

v. 1/3 × 15/8

1/3 × 15/8 = ( 1 × 15 ) ÷ ( 3 × 8 ) = ( 1 × 5 ) ÷ ( 1 × 8 ) = 5/8

vi. 11/2 × 3/10

11/2 × 3/10 = ( 11 × 3 ) ÷ ( 2 × 10 ) = 33/20 = 1 13/20

vii. 4/5 × 12/7

4/5 × 12/7 = ( 4 × 12 ) ÷ ( 5 × 7 ) = 48/35 = 1 13/35

**Problem 3**

3. Multiply the following fractions :

i. 2/5 × 5 1/4, ii. 6 2/5 × 7/9, iii. 3/2 × 5 1/3

vi. 5/6 × 2 3/7, v. 3 2/5 × 4/7, vi. 2 3/5 × 3,

vii. 3 4/7 × 3/5

**Solutions :**

i. 2/5 × 5 1/4

2/5 × 21/4 = ( 2 × 21 ) ÷ ( 5 × 4 ) = ( 1 × 21 ) ÷ ( 5 × 2 ) = 21/10 = 2 1/10

ii. 6 2/5 × 7/9

32/5 × 7/9 = ( 32 × 7 ) ÷ ( 5 × 9 ) = 224/45 = 4 44/45

iii. 3/2 × 5 1/3

3/2 × 5 1/3 = ( 3 × 16 ) ÷ ( 2 × 3 ) = ( 1 × 8) ÷ ( 1 × 1 ) = 8

iv. 5/6 × 2 3/7

5/6 × 17/7 = ( 5 × 17 ) ÷ ( 6 × 7 ) = 85/42 = 2 1/42

v. 3 2/5 × 4/7

17/5 × 4/7 = ( 17 × 4 ) ÷ ( 5 × 7 ) = 68/35 = 1 33/35

vi. 2 3/5 × 3

13/5 × 3 = ( 13 × 3 ) ÷ 5 = 39/5 = 7 4/5

vii. 3 4/7 × 3/5

25/7 × 3/5 = ( 25 × 3 ) ÷ ( 7 × 8 ) = ( 5 × 3 ) ÷ ( 7 × 1 ) = 15/7 = 2 1/7

**Problem 4**

4. Which is greater :

i. 2/7 of 3/4 or 3/5 of 5/8

ii. 1/2 of 6/7 or 2/3 of 3/7

**Solutions :**

i. 2/7 of 3/4 or 3/5 of 5/8

2/7 of 3/4

2/7 × 3/4 = ( 2 × 3 ) ÷ ( 7 × 4 ) = ( 1 × 3 ) ÷ ( 7 × 2 ) = 3/14

3/5 of 5/8

3/5 × 5/8 = ( 3 × 5 ) ÷ ( 5 × 8 ) = ( 3 × 1 ) ÷ ( 1 × 8 ) = 3/8

3/14, 3/8

3/8 > 3/14

Therefore, 3/5 of 5/8 > 2/7 of 3/4

ii. 1/2 of 6/7 or 2/3 of 3/7

1/3 of 6/7

1/2 × 6/7 = ( 1 × 6 ) ÷ ( 2 × 7 ) = 3/7

2/3 of 3/7

2/3 × 3/7 = ( 2 × 3 ) ÷ ( 3 × 7 ) = 2/7

3/7. 2/7

3/7 > 2/7

Therefore, 1/2 of 6/7 > 2/3 of 3/7

**Problem 5**

5. Saili plants 4 saplings, in a row, in her garden. The distance between two adjacent saplings is 3/4 m. Find the distance between the first and the last sapling.

**Solution :**

It can be observed that gaps between first and last saplings = 3

Length of one gap = 3/4 m

Therefore, distance between first and last sapling = 3 × 3/4 = 9/4 = 2 1/4 m

**Problem 6**

6. Lipika reads a book for 1 3/4 hours everyday. She reads the entire book in 6 days. How many hours in all were required by her to read the book ?

**Solution :**

Number of hours Lipika reads the book per day = 1 3/4

Number of days = 6

Total number of hours required by Lipika to read the book = 1 3/4 × 6 = 7/4 × 6 = 42/4 = 21/2 = 10 1/2 hours.

**Problem 7**

7. A car runs 16 km using 1 litre of petrol. How much distance will it cover using 2 3/4 litres of petrol ?

**Solution :**

Number of Km a car can run per one litre petrol = 16 Km

Number of Km a car can run for 11/4 litres petrol = 11/4 × 16 = 11 × 4 = 44 km

**Problem 8**

8. a. i. Provide the number in the ……, such that 2/3 × …….. = 10/30.

ii. The simplest form of the number obtained in …….. is …….. .

b. i. Provide the number in the ……, such that 3/5 × …….. = 24/75

ii. The simplest form of the number obtained in …….. is …….. .

**Solutions :**

8. a. i. Provide the number in … is 5/10 such that 2/3 × 5/10 = 10/30.

ii. The simplest form of the number obtained in 5/10 is 1/2

b. i. Provide the number in the .. is 8/15 such that 3/5 × 8/15 = 24/75

ii. The simplest form of the number obtained in 8/15 is 8/15.

##### 7 TH CLASS MATHS SOLUTIONS CHAPTER 2 NCERT

**EXERCISE 2. 4**

**Problem 1**

1. Find :

i. 12 ÷ ( 3/4 ), ii. 14 ÷ ( 5/6 ), iii. 8 ÷ ( 7/3 )

iv. 4 ÷ 8/3, v. 3 ÷ 2 1/3, vi. 5 ÷ 3 4/7

**Solutions :**

i. 12 ÷ ( 3/4 )

12 × 4/3 = ( 12 × 4 ) ÷ 3 = 4 × 4 = 16

ii. 14 ÷ ( 5/6 )

14 × 6/5 = ( 14 × 6 ) ÷ 5 = 84 ÷ 5 = 84/5 =16 4/5

iii. 8 ÷ ( 7/3 )

8 × 3/7 = ( 8 × 3 ) ÷ 7 = 24 ÷ 7 = 24/7 =3 3/7

iv. 4 ÷ 8/3

4 × 3/8 = ( 4 × 3 ) ÷ 8 = 3 ÷ 2 = 3/2 =1 1/2

v. 3 ÷ 2 1/3 = 3 ÷ 7/3

3 × 3/7 = ( 3 × 3 ) ÷ 7 = 9 ÷ 7 = 9/7 =1 2/7

vi. 5 ÷ 3 4/7 = 5 ÷ 25/7

5 × 7/25 = ( 5 × 7 ) ÷ 25 = ( 1 × 7 ) ÷ 5 = 7/5 =1 2/5

**Problem 2**

2. Find the reciprocal of each of the following fractions. Classify the reciprocals as proper fractions, improper fractions and whole numbers.

i. 3 ÷ 7, ii. 5 ÷ 8, iii. 9 ÷ 7, iv. 6 ÷ 5

v. 12 ÷ 7, vi. 1 ÷ 8, vii. 1 ÷ 11

**Solutions :**

i. 3 ÷ 7 = 3/7

Reciprocal of 3/7 is 7/3. 7/3 is an improper fraction.

ii. 5 ÷ 8 = 5/8

Reciprocal of 5/8 is 8/5. 8/5 is an improper fraction.

iii. 9 ÷ 7 = 9/7

Reciprocal of 9/7 is 7/9. 7/9 is a proper fraction.

iv. 6 ÷ 5 = 6/5

Reciprocal of 6/5 is 5/6. 5/6 is a proper fraction.

v. 12 ÷ 7 = 12/7

Reciprocal of 12/7 is 7/12. 7/12 is a proper fraction.

vi. 1 ÷ 8 = 1/8

Reciprocal of 1/8 is 8. 8 is a whole number.

vii. 1 ÷ 11 = 1/11

Reciprocal of 1/11 is 11. 11 is a whole number.

**Problem 3**

3. Find :

i. 7/3 ÷ 2, ii. 4/9 ÷ 5, iii. 6/13 ÷ 7

iv. 4 1/3 ÷ 3, v. 3 1/2 ÷ 4, vi. 4 3/7 ÷ 7

**Solutions :**

i. 7/3 ÷ 2

7/3 ÷ 2/1 = 7/3 × 1/2 = ( 7 × 1 ) ÷ ( 3 × 2 ) = 7/6

ii. 4/9 ÷ 5

4/9 ÷ 5/1 = 4/9 × 1/5 = ( 4 × 1 ) ÷ ( 9 × 5 ) = 4/45

iii. 6/13 ÷ 7

6/13 ÷ 7/1 = 6/13 × 1/7 = ( 6 × 1 ) ÷ ( 13 × 7 ) = 6/91

iv. 4 1/3 ÷ 3 = 13/3 ÷ 3

13/3 ÷ 3/1 = 13/3 × 1/3 = ( 13 × 1 ) ÷ ( 3 × 3 ) = 13/9

v. 3 1/2 ÷ 4 = 7/2 ÷ 4

7/2 ÷ 4/1 = 7/3 × 1/4 = ( 7 × 1 ) ÷ ( 2 × 4 ) = 7/8

vi. 4 3/7 ÷ 7 = 31/7 ÷ 7

31/7 ÷ 7/1 = 31/7 × 1/7 = ( 31 × 1 ) ÷ ( 7 × 7 ) = 31/49

**Problem 4**

4. Find ;

i. 2/5 ÷ 1/2, ii. 4/9 ÷ 2/3, iii. 3/7 ÷ 8/7

iv. 2 1/3 ÷ 3/5, v. 3 1/2 ÷ 8/3, vi. 2/5 ÷ 1 1/2

vii. 3 1/5 ÷ 1 2/3, viii. 2 1/5 ÷ 1 1/5

**Solution :**

i. 2/5 ÷ 1/2

2/5 × 2/1 = ( 2 × 2 ) ÷ ( 5 × 1 ) = 4//5

ii. 4/9 ÷ 2/3

4/9 × 3/2 = ( 4 × 3 ) ÷ ( 9 × 2 ) = 2/3

iii. 3/7 ÷ 8/7

3/7 × 7/8 = ( 3 × 7 ) ÷ ( 7 × 8 ) = 3/8

iv. 2 1/3 ÷ 3/5 = 7/3 ÷ 3/5

7/3 × 5/3 = ( 7 × 5 ) ÷ ( 3 × 3 ) = 35/9 = 3 8/9

v. 3 1/2 ÷ 8/3 = 7/2 ÷ 8/3

7/2 × 3/8 = ( 7 × 3 ) ÷ ( 2 × 8 ) = 21/16 = 1 5/6

vi. 2/5 ÷ 1 1/2 = 2/5 ÷ 3/2

2/5 × 2/3 = ( 2 × 2 ) ÷ ( 5 × 3 ) = 4//15

vii. 3 1/5 ÷ 1 2/3 = 16/5 ÷ 5/3

16/5 × 3/5= ( 16 × 3 ) ÷ ( 5 × 5) = 48/25 = 1 23/25

viii. 2 1/5 ÷ 1 1/5 = 11/5 ÷ 6/5

11/5 × 5/6 = ( 11 × 5 ) ÷ ( 5 × 6 ) = 11/6 = 1 5/6

###### FRACTIONS AND DECIMALS SOLUTIONS

**EXERCISE 2.5**

**Problem 1**

1. Which is greater ?

i. 0.5 or 0.05, ii. 0.7 or 0.5, iii. 7 or 0.7

iv. 1.37 or 1.49, v. 2.03 or 2.30, vi. 0.8 or 0.88

**Solutions :**

i. 0.5 or 0.05

0.5 = 5/10

0.05 = 5/100

Therefore, the denominator has less value is the greater one. Hence 0.5 is greater.

ii. 0.7 or 0.5

0.7 = 7/10

0.5 = 5/10

Therefore, the numerator has more value is the greater one. Hence 0.7 is greater.

iii. 7 or 0.7

7 = 700/100

0.05 = 5/100

Therefore, the numerator has more value is the greater one. Hence 7 is greater.

iv. 1.37 or 1.49

1.37= 137/100

1.49= 149/100

Therefore, the numerator has more value is the greater one. Hence 1.49 is greater.

v. 2.03 or 2.30

2.03 = 203/100

2.30= 230/100

Therefore, the numerator has more value is the greater one. Hence 2.30 is greater.

vi. 0.8 or 0.88

0.8 = 80/100

0.88 = 88/100

Therefore, the numerator has more value is the greater one. Hence 0.88 is greater.

**Problem 2**

2. Express as rupees using decimals :

i. 7 paise, ii. 7 rupees 7 paise

iii. 77. Rupees 77 paise, iv. 50 paise,

v. 235 paise

**Solutions** :

i. 7 paise

7 paise = Rs. 7/100 = Rs. 0.07

ii. 7 rupees 7 paise

7 rupees + 7 paise

Rs. 7 + Rs. 7/100 = Rs. 7 + Rs. 0.07 = Rs. 7.07

iii. 77. Rupees 77 paise

= 77 rupees + 77 paise

= Rs. 77 + Rs. 77/100 = Rs. 7 + Rs. 0.77 = Rs. 77.77

iv. 50 paise = Rs.50/100 = Rs. 0.50

v. 235 paise = Rs. 235/100 = Rs. 2.35

**Problem 3**

3. i. Express 5 cm in metre and kilometre

ii. Express 35 mm in cm, m and km.

**Solutions :**

i. Express 5 cm in metre and kilometre

5 cm in metre

5 cm = 5/100 m = 0.05 m

5 cm in kilometre

5 cm = 5/1000 = 0.005 km

ii. Express 35 mm in cm, m and km.

35 mm in cm

35 mm = 35/10 cm = 3.5 cm

35 mm in m

35 mm = 35/1000 m = 0.035 cm

35 mm in km

35 mm = 35/1000000 cm = 0.000035 km

**Problem 4**

4. Express in Kg :

i. 200 g, ii. 3470 g, iii. 4 kg 8 g

**Solutions:**

i. 200 g = 200/1000 kg = 0.2 kg

ii. 3470 g

3470 g = 3470/1000 kg = 3.470 kg

iii. 4 kg 8 g

4 kg + 8 g = 4 kg + 8/1000 g = 4 kg + 0.008 = 4.008 kg

**Problem 5**

5. Write the following decimal numbers in the expanded form :

i. 20.03, ii. 2.03, iii. 200.03

**Solutions :**

i. 20.03

20.03 = ( 2 × 10 ) + ( 0 × 1 ) + [ 0 × (1/10) ] + [ 3 × (1/100 ) ]

ii. 2.03

2.03 = ( 2 × 1 ) + [ 0 × (1/10) ] + [ 3 × (1/100 ) ]

iii. 200.03

200.03 = ( 2 × 100 ) + ( 0 × 10 ) + ( 0 × 1 ) + [ 0 × (1/10) ] + [ 3 × (1/100 ) ]

**Problem 5**

5. Write the place value of 2 in the following decimal numbers:

i. 2.56, ii. 21.37, iii. 10.25, iv. 9.42, v. 63.352

**Solution:**

i. 2.56: ones

ii. 21.37: tens

iii. 10.25: tenths

iv. 9.42: hundredths

v. 63.352 : thousandths

**Problem 7**

7. Dinesh went from place A to place B and from there to place C. A is 7.5 km from B and B is 12.7 km from C. Ayub went from place A to place D and there to place C. D is 9.3 km from A and C is 11.8 km from D. Who travelled more and how much?

**Solution :**

Distance travelled by Dinesh = A to B + B to C = 7.5 km + 12.7 km = 20.2 km

Distance travelled by Ayub = A to D + D to C = 9.3 km + 11.8 km = 21.1 km

Difference between their traveled distances = 21.1 km – 20.2 km = 0.9 km

Therefore, Ayub travelled 0.9 km distance more than Dinesh.

**Problem 8**

8. Shyama bought 5 kg 300 g apples and 3 kg 350 g mangoes. Sarala bought 5 kg 800 g oranges and 4 kg 150 g bananas. Who bought more fruits?

**Solution :**

Total fruits bought by Shyama = Apple + mangoes

5 kg 300 grams + 3 kg 250 g = 5 kg + 300 g + 3 kg + 250 g

= 8 kg + 550 g = 8 kg + 550/1000 kg = 8 kg + 0.550 kg = 8.550 kg

Total fruits bought by Sarala = oranges + bananas

4 kg 800 grams + 4 kg 150 g = 4 kg + 800 g + 8 kg + 950 g

= 8 kg + 950 g = 8 kg + 950/1000 kg = 8 kg + 0.950 kg = 8.950 kg

Therefore, Sarala bought more fruits.

**Problem 9**

9. How much less is 28 km than 42.6 km ?

**Solution:**

42.6 km – 28 km = 14.6 km

Therefore, 28 km is 14.6 km less than 42.6 km.

###### NCERT SOLUTIONS FOR 7TH CLASS MATHS CHAPTER 2

**EXERCISE 2.6**

**Problem 1**

i. 0.2 × 6, ii. 8 × 4.6, iii. 2.71 5, iv. 20.1 × 4

v. 0.05 × 7, vi. 211.02 × 4, vii. 2 × 0.86

**Solutions:**

i. 0.2 × 6

0.2 × 6 = ( 2/10 ) × 6 = ( 2 × 6 ) ÷ 10 = 12/10 = 1.2

ii. 8 × 4.6

8 × 4.6 = 8 × ( 46/10 ) = ( 8 × 46 ) ÷ 10 = 368/10 = 36.8

iii. 2.71 × 5

2.71 × 5 = ( 271/100 ) × 5 = ( 271 × 5 ) ÷ 100 = 1355/100 = 13.55

iv. 20.1 × 4

20.1 × 4 = ( 201/10 ) × 4 = ( 201 × 4 ) ÷ 10 = 804/10 = 80.4

v. 0.05 × 7

0.05 × 7 = ( 5/100 ) × 7 = ( 5 × 7 ) ÷ 100 = 35/100 = 0.35

vi. 211.02 × 4

211.02 × 4 = ( 211.03/100 ) × 4 = ( 211.02 × 4 ) ÷ 100 = 84408/100 = 844.08

vii. 2 × 0.86

2 × 0.86 = 2 × ( 86/100 ) = ( 2 × 86 ) ÷ 100 = 172/100 = 1.72

**Problem 3**

3. Find the area of rectangle whose length is 5.7 cm and breadth is 3 cm

**Solution :**

Length of a rectangle = 5.7 cm

Breadth of the rectangle = 3 cm

Area of rectangle = length × breadth

= 5.7 cm × 3 cm = (57/10) × 3 = (57 × 3) ÷ 10= 171/10 = 17.1 cm.cm

**Problem 3**

i. 1.3 × 10, ii. 36.8 × 10, iii. 153.7 × 10

iv. 168.07 × 10, v. 31.1 × 100, vi. 156.1 × 100

vii. 3.62 × 100, viii. 43.07 × 100, ix. 0.5 × 10

x. 0.08 × 10, xi. 0.9 × 100, xii. 0.03 × 1000

**Solutions:**

i. 1.3 × 10

1.3 × 10 = ( 13/10 ) × 10 = 13

ii. 36.8 × 10

36.8 × 10 = ( 368/10 ) × 10 = 368

iii. 153.7 × 10

153.7 × 10 = ( 1537/10 ) × 10 = 1537

iv. 168.07 × 10

168.07 × 10 = ( 16807/100 ) × 10 = 16807/10 = 1680.7

v. 31.1 × 100

31.1 × 100 = ( 311/10 ) × 100 = 311 × 10 = 3110

vi. 156.1 × 100

156.1 × 100 = ( 1561/10 ) × 100 =1561 × 10 = 15610

vii. 3.62 × 100

3.62 × 100 = ( 362/100 ) × 100 = 362

viii. 43.07 × 100

43.07 × 100 = ( 4307/100 ) × 100 = 4307

ix. 0.5 × 10

0.5 × 10 = ( 5/10 ) × 10 = 5

x. 0.08 × 10

0.08 × 10 = ( 8/100 ) × 10 = 8/10 = 0.8

xi. 0.9 × 100

0.9 × 100 = ( 9/10 ) × 100 = 9 × 10 = 90

xii. 0.03 × 1000

0.03 × 1000 = ( 3/100 ) × 1000 = 3 × 10 =30

**Problem 4**

4. A two-wheeler covers a distance of 55.3 km in one litre of petrol. How much distance will it cover in 10 litres of petrol?

The distance covered by a two-wheeler for one litre of petrol = 55.3 km

The distance covered by the two-wheeler for ten litres of petrol = 55.3 km × 10 = 553 km

**Problem 5**

5. Find :

i. 2.5 × 0.3, ii. 0.1 × 51.7, iii. 0.2 × 316.8

iv. 1.3 × 3.1, v. 0.5 × 0.05, vi. 11.2 × 0.15

vii. 1.07 × 0.02, viii. 10.05 × 1.05

ix. 101.01 × 0.01, x. 100.01 × 1.1

**Solutions:**

i. 2.5 × 0.3

2.5 × 0.3 = ( 25/10 ) × ( 3/10 ) = ( 25 × 3 ) ÷ 100 = 75/100 = 0.75

ii. 0.1 × 51.7

0.1 × 51.7 = ( 1/10 ) × ( 517/10 ) = ( 1 × 517) ÷ 100 = 517/100 = 5.17

iii. 0.2 × 316.8

0.2 × 316.8 = ( 2/10 ) × ( 3168/10 ) = ( 2 × 3168 ) ÷ 100 = 6336/100 = 63.36

iv. 1.3 × 3.1

1.3 × 3.1 = ( 13/10 ) × ( 31/10 ) = ( 13 × 31 ) ÷ 100 = 403/100 = 4.03

v. 0.5 × 0.05

0.5 × 0.05 = ( 5/10 ) × ( 5/100 ) = ( 5 × 5 ) ÷ 1000 = 25/1000 = 0.025

vi. 11.2 × 0.15

11.2 × 0.15 = ( 112/10 ) × ( 15/100 ) = ( 112 × 15 ) ÷ 1000 = 1680/1000 = 1.68

vii. 1.07 × 0.02

1.07 × 0.02 = ( 107/100 ) × ( 2/100 ) = ( 107 × 2 ) ÷ 10000 = 214/10000 = 0.0214

viii. 10.05 × 1.05

10.05 × 1.05 = ( 10.05/100 ) × ( 1.05/100 ) = ( 10.05 × 1.05 ) ÷ 10000 = 105525/100 = 10.5525

ix. 101.01 × 0.01

101.01 × 0.01 = ( 10101/100 ) × ( 1/100 ) = ( 10101 × 1 ) ÷ 10000 = 10101/10000 = 1.0101

x. 100.01 × 1.1

100.01 × 1.1 = ( 10001/100 ) × ( 11/10 ) = ( 10001 × 11 ) ÷ 1000 = 110011/1000 = 110.011

##### NCERT SOLUTIONS FOR CLASS VII MATHS CHAPTER 2

**EXERCISE 2.7**

**Problem 1**

1. Find

i. 0.4 ÷ 2, ii. 0.35 ÷ 5 , iii. 2.48 ÷ 4,

iv. 65.4 ÷ 6, v. 651.2 ÷ 4, vi. 14.49 ÷ 7,

vii. 3.96 ÷ 4, viii. 0.80 ÷ 5

**Solutions:**

i. 0.4 ÷ 2

0.4 ÷ 2 = 4/10 ÷ 2 = 4/10 × 1/2 = 2/10 = 0.2

ii. 0.35 ÷ 5

0.35 ÷ 5 = 35/100 ÷ 5 = 35/100 × 1/5 = 7/100 = 0.07

iii. 2.48 ÷ 4

2.48 ÷ 4 = 247/100 ÷ 4 = 248/100 × 1/4 = 62/100 = 0.62

iv. 65.4 ÷ 6

65.4 ÷ 6 = 654/10 ÷ 6 = 654/10 × 1/6 = 109/10 = 10.9

v. 651.2 ÷ 4

651.2 ÷ 4 = 6512/10 ÷ 4 = 6512/10 × 1/4 = 1628/10 = 162.8

vi. 14.49 ÷ 7

1449 ÷ 7 = 1449/100 ÷ 7 = 1449/100 × 1/7 = 207/100 = 2.07

vii. 3.96 ÷ 4

3.96 ÷ 4 = 396/100 ÷ 4 = 396/100 × 1/4 = 99/100 = 0.99

viii. 0.80 ÷ 5

0.80 ÷ 5 = 80/100 ÷ 5 = 80/100 × 1/5 = 16/100 = 0.16

**Problem 2**

2. Find

i. 4.8 ÷ 10, ii. 52.5 ÷ 10, iii. 0.7 ÷ 10,

vi. 33.1 ÷ 10, v. 272.23 ÷ 10,

vi. 0.56 ÷ 10, vii. 3.97 ÷ 10

**Solutions:**

i. 4.8 ÷ 10

4.8 ÷ 10 = 48/10 ÷ 10 = 48/10 × 1/10 = 48/100 = 0.48

ii. 52.5 ÷ 10

52.5 ÷ 10 = 525/10 ÷ 10 = 525/10 × 1/10 = 525/100 = 5.25

iii. 0.7 ÷ 10

0.7 ÷ 10 = 7/10 ÷ 10 = 7/10 × 1/10 = 7/100 = 0.07

vi. 33.1 ÷ 10

33.1 ÷ 10 = 331/10 ÷ 10 = 331/10 × 1/10 = 331/100 = 3.31

v. 272.23 ÷ 10

272.23 ÷ 10 = 27223/100 ÷ 10 = 27223/100 × 1/10 = 27223/1000 = 27.223

vi. 0.56 ÷ 10

0.56 ÷ 10 = 56/100 ÷ 10 = 56/100 × 1/10 = 56/1000 = 0.056

vii. 3.97 ÷ 10

3.97 ÷ 10 = 397/100 ÷ 10 = 397/100 × 1/10 = 397/1000 = 0.397

**Problem 3**

3. Find

i. 2.7 ÷ 100, ii. 0.3 ÷ 100, iii. 0.78 ÷ 100

iv. 432.6 ÷ 100, v. 23.6 ÷ 100, vi. 98.53 ÷ 100

**Solutions:**

i. 2.7 ÷ 100

2.7 ÷ 100 = 27/10 ÷ 100 = 27/10 × 1/100 = 27/1000 = 0.027

ii. 0.3 ÷ 100

0.3 ÷ 100 = 3/10 ÷ 100 = 3/10 × 1/100 = 3/1000 = 0.003

iii. 0.78 ÷ 100

0.78 ÷ 100 = 78/100 ÷ 100 = 78/100 × 1/100 = 78/10000 = 0.0078

iv. 432.6 ÷ 100

432.6 ÷ 100 = 4326/10 ÷ 100 = 4326/10 × 1/100 = 4326/1000 = 4.326

v. 23.6 ÷ 100

23.6 ÷ 100 = 236/10 ÷ 100 = 236/10 × 1/100 = 236/1000 = 0.236

vi. 98.53 ÷ 100

98.53 ÷ 100 = 9853/100 ÷ 100 = 9853/100 × 1/100 = 9853/10000 = 0.9853

**Problem 4**

4. Find

1. 7.9 ÷ 1000, ii. 26.3 ÷ 1000, iii. 38.53 ÷ 1000

iv. 128.9 ÷ 1000, v. 0.5 ÷ 1000

**Solutions:**

1. 7.9 ÷ 1000

7.9 ÷ 1000 = 79/10 ÷ 1000 = 79/10 × 1/1000 = 79/10000 = 0. 0079

ii. 26.3 ÷ 1000

26.3 ÷ 1000 = 263/10 ÷ 1000 = 263/10 × 1/1000 = 263/10000 = 0. 0263

iii. 38.53 ÷ 1000

38.53 ÷ 1000 = 3853/100 ÷ 1000 = 3853/100 × 1/1000 = 3853/100000 = 0. 03853

iv. 128.9 ÷ 1000

128.9 ÷ 1000 = 1289/10 ÷ 1000 = 1289/10 × 1/1000 = 1289/10000 = 0. 1289

v. 0.5 ÷ 1000

0.5 ÷ 1000 = 5/10 ÷ 1000 = 5/10 × 1/1000 = 5/10000 = 0. 0005

**Problem 5**

5. Find

i 7 ÷ 3.5, ii. 36 ÷ 0.2, iii. 3.25 ÷ 0.5

iv. 30.94 ÷ 0.7, v. 0.5 ÷ 0.25, vi. 7.75 ÷ 0.25

vii. 76.5 ÷ 0.15, viii. 37.8 ÷ 1.4, ix. 2.73 ÷ 1.3

**Solutions:**

i 7 ÷ 3.5

7 ÷ 3.5 = 7 ÷ 35/10 = 7 × 10/35 = 10/5 = 2

ii. 36 ÷ 0.2

36 ÷ 0.2 = 36 ÷ 2/10 = 36 × 10/2 = 18 × 10 = 180

iii. 3.25 ÷ 0.5

3.25 ÷ 0.5 = 325/100 ÷ 5/10 = 325/100 × 10/5 = 65/10 = 6.5

iv. 30.94 ÷ 0.7

30.94 ÷ 0.7 = 3094/100 ÷ 7/10 = 3094/100 × 10/7 = 442/10 = 44.2

v. 0.5 ÷ 0.25

0.5 ÷ 0.25 = 5/10 ÷ 25/100 = 5/10 × 100/25 = 10/5 = 2

vi. 7.75 ÷ 0.25

7.75 ÷ 0.25 = 775/100 ÷ 25/100 = 775/100 × 100/25 = 31

vii. 76.5 ÷ 0.15

76.5 ÷ 0.15 = 765/10 ÷ 15/100 = 775/10 × 100/15 = 51 × 10 = 510

viii. 37.8 ÷ 1.4

37.8 ÷ 1.4 = 378/10 ÷ 14/10 = 378/10 × 10/14 = 27

ix. 2.73 ÷ 1.3

2.73 ÷ 1.3 = 273/100 ÷ 13/10 = 273/100 × 10/13 = 21/10 = 2.1

**Problem 6**

6. A vehicle covers a distance of 43.2 km in 2.4 litres of petrol. How much distance will it cover in one litre of petrol?

**Solution:**

Distance covered by a vehicle = 43.2 km

Petrol required to cover this distance = 2.4 litres

So, distance covered by the vehicle in one litre of petrol = 43.2/2.4 = 18 km

**Note:** Observe the solutions of fractions and decimals and try them in your own methods.

1. Integers

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